# Finding a Primitive p-th Root of Unity in a Finite Field, with C++ Code

To this day, no method of finding a generator of $Z_p^*$ is known to be more efficient than essentially trying 2, then 3, and so on. Who cares? Well, the difficulty of breaking a certain public key cryptosystem (due to El Gamal) depends on the difficulty of working with generators of $Z_p^*$.Keith Conrad
An $n$th root of unity in a finite field $F$ is an element $r \in F$ satisfying $r^n=1$, where $n$ is an integer. If $n$ is the smallest positive integer with this property, $r$ is called a primitive $n$th root of unity. If $r$ is a primitive $n$th root of unity, then all elements in the set $\mu_n = \{1, r, r^2, \cdots, r^{n-1}\}$ are also roots of unity. Actually, the set $\mu_n$ form a cyclic group of order $n$ under multiplication, with generator $r$.
Problem: Suppose you are given a finite field $F=GF(2^d)$ of degree $d$, and you are promised that there indeed exists a primitive $p$th root of unity $r\in F$ for $p$ prime. Find $r$, and in particular, produce a C++code that finds it.